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The Teacup Pig Trend

Oct 31, 2016 10:25AM ● By Louisa Asseo

Dr. Louisa Asseo, owner of Oasis Veterinary Hospital, 6635 Alhambra Ave, Suite 100, 925.954.8087

If someone told me I would be treating farm animals after graduating from veterinary school, my response would have been “When pigs fly!” However, there is a new trend in exotic companion animals that is making me eat those words.  Teacup pigs???  Are they for real?


Back in the 1980s, Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs came into the pet trade. Although they are considerably smaller than their farmyard counterparts, which can reach over 500 pounds, these indoor companions can still grow quite large – some reaching over 150 pounds. During that trend, many of these pigs outgrew their comfortable homes and were relinquished to shelters and rescue groups.


More recently, “teacup pigs” and micro-mini pigs have gained increasing popularity. Unfortunately, many of these adorable piglets are not bred to stay as small as promised. Unsuspecting owners buy tiny, adorable piglets only to have them grow to be much bigger than the promised 15 to 20-pound adult size. There are a few select breeds and lines that do, in fact, stay small.  But it is difficult to tell when they are piglets.  Thankfully, the American Mini Pig Association was recently created.  Their focus is to create a code of ethics and standards for breeders so that the size and stature of certain lines can be predicted with more accuracy


Admittedly, piglets are some of the cutest baby animals to walk through our doors at Oasis Veterinary Hospital.  But these critters can be quite a challenge, both for the owners and for the veterinary team.  Before you consider bringing a “mini” pig into your home, here are some things you should consider: 


Pigs are a long-term commitment.  They can live 15-20 years.


They require annual vaccinations and regular veterinary care, just as a dog and cat would. They have dental care needs, both at home and with a veterinarian. They can shed and require hoof trims to meet their grooming needs.


·      Part of the appeal of mini-pigs is that they are very clean animals.  They are easily house-trained and can learn to use doggy-doors.  They can even learn to ring a bell to signal their human companions to let them outdoors. 

Pigs are very intelligent animals. They form very strong bonds with their human companions.   They are very affectionate animals.  Their clever and playful personalities are very endearing, however, if they are not trained and kept entertained, they can become dominant and even aggressive.


·      Part of their normal behavior is to root.  This can be bothersome if they upturn rugs indoors and plants and landscaping outdoors.  The best way to deal with this is to give a pig an acceptable place to root and hide treats and food to allow for normal rooting and foraging behavior.  If these needs are not met, your pig will get bored – and bored pigs can get very destructive.

Even though I never imagined working with swine on a regular basis, they are fun and intriguing companion animals that bring new challenges to the practice of exotic pet medicine! 


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